GLOSSARY
(glossary of terms used in this site)
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'; ft:
foot (3.28' = 1 m)
"; in: inch (1" = 2.54 cm)
A/S, ASW: Anti-submarine
AA: Anti-aircraft; Air-to-air
AAA: Anti-aircraft artillery
AAM: Air-to-Air Missile
AAR:
Air-to-Air Refueling
AAW:
Anti-air Warfare
AB: Airbase
AC: Cargo ship; Aircraft
ACM: Air combat maneuvers
ACMI:
Air Combat Maneuvring Instrumentation
ACV:
Armored Combat Vehicle
AD: Air defense; Auxiliary repair ship (Navy)
ADF: Automatic direction finding; Air Defense Force
AEW: Airborne Early Warning
AF: Auxiliary tender; Air Force
AFP: Armed Forces of the Philippines
AGL: Automatic grenade launcher
AGM: Air-to-Ground Missile
AHRS:
Attitude and heading reference system
AI:
Air Interdiction
AIM:
Air Interception Missile
AIP:
Air independent propulsion
AoA: Angle of Attack
AP:
Armor piercing
APC: Armored personnel carrier
API: Armor piercing incendiary
Arty: Artillery
ARV: Armored recovery vehicle
ASDIC: Anti-Submarine Detection Information Center
ASG:
Abu Sayyaf Group
ASM: Air-to-surface Missile
AT: Auxiliary tanker
ATC: Air traffic control
ATK:
Anti-tank
aux: auxiliary
BAI: Battlefield Air Interdiction
BAe:
British Aerospace
BAE:
BAE Systems (after merger of BAe-GEC)
BDA:
Battle/Bomb Damage Assessment
Bde:
Brigade
BRP: Barko ng Republika ng Pilipinas (also RPS, Republic of the Philippines Ship)
BTHP: Boat Tail Hollow Point
BVR:
Beyond visual range
C2:
Command and control
C4I: Command, control, communication, computer and intelligence
C4ISR: Command, control, communication, computer, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance
Cal: Caliber - the diameter of a gun barrel; also used for measuring the length of the barrel eg. a 6 in gun 50 calibers long (6 in/50) would be 25 feet long.
camo: Camouflage
CAP: Combat Air Patrol
CAS:
Close air support
CASF: CompositeAir Support Force
CBU: Cluster bomb unit
CIC: Combat Information Center
CIWS:
Close in weapon system
cm: centimeter (2.54 cm = 1")
Cmdr: Commander
CO: Commanding Officer
Co, coy:
Company
coax: coaxial
COIN: Counter insurgency
COMR: Civil Owned Military Registered
cp:
Controllable pitch (propellers)
CPP-NDF: Communist Party of the Philippines-National Democratic Front
CSAR:
Combat Search And Rescue
CTG:
Composite Tactical Group
CTOL:
Conventional Take Off and Landing
CTW:
Composite Tactical Wing
CUP:
Capability Upgrade Program
CY:
Circular Year
DACT:
Dissimilar Air Combat Training
DC:
Depth charge
DCA: Defensive Counter Air
DCT:
Depth charge thrower
DDG: Guided missile destroyer
DE: Destroyer escort
Div: Division
DND: Department of National Defense
DP:
Dual purpose (gun) for surface or AA use
Displacement: Basically the weight of water displaced by a ship's hull when floating. a.) Light - without fuel, water and ammunition; b.) Standard - as defined by Washington Naval Conference 1922 - fully manned and stored but without fuel or reserve feed-water; c.) Full load - fully laden with all stores, ammunition, fuel and water.
Drv: Driver
dwt: deadweight tonnage
excl: excluding
ECM: Electronic counter-measures
ECCM: Electronic counter-counter-measures
ECR: Electronic Combat and Reconnaissance
EEZ:
Exclusive Economic Zone
eg: for example
ELINT: Electronic intelligence eg recording radar
ESM: electronic support measures eg intercept
EU: European Union
EW:
Electronic warfare
EWS: Enclosed weapon system (turret)
FA: Field artillery
FAA: Federal Aviation Administration
FAC:
Fast attack craft (navy); Forward air control (Airforce)
fby: fly by wire
FFG: Guided missile frigate
FIC: Floro International Corporation
FPB:
Fast patrol boat
FFAR: Folding Fin aerial rocket
FLIR: Forward looking infra-red
FMC: Food Machineries Corporation
FMS: Foreign Military Sales
FOB: Forward Operating Base
FOD:
Foreign Object Damage
FS:
Fighter Squadron
FSRR:
First Scout Ranger Regiment
FSV: Fire support vehicle
ft/min; fpm: feet per minute
Ftr: Fighter
FY: Fiscal Year (US)
GBU:
Guided Bomb Unit
GCI:
Ground Controlled Intercept
GE:
General Electric
GFCS: Gun fire control system
GM: General Motors
GmbH: Gewerbe-Anmeldung (German equivalent of Ltd)
Gnr:
Gunner
GPS: Global Positioning system
grt: gross registered tonnage
GT: Geared turbine
GWS: Guided weapon system
HAS: Hardened Aircraft Shelter
HAWK:
Homing All the Way Killer (SAM)
HE:
high explosive
HEAT: high explosive anti-tank
HEAP: high explosive armor-piercing
Hedgehog: Spigot mortar for firing A/S bombs
Helo: Helicopters
HESH: High explosive squash head
HIGE: Hover in ground effect
hi-res: high resolution
HF:
High frequency
HMD: Helmet Mounted Display
HMG:
Heavy machine-gun
HMS: Helmet Mounted Sight; Her Majesty's Ship
HOGE:
Hover over ground effect - Helicopter hovering far abovenearest surface.
HOTAS: Hands On Throttle And Stick
hp, Horsepower:
Power developed or applied. a.) bhp - power available at the crankshaft; b. shp - power delivered to the propeller shaft; c.) ihp - indicated horsepower = power produced by expansion of gases in the cylinders of reciprocating steam engines; d.) 1 kW = 1.341 hp = 1.36 metric hp; 1 hp = 0.746 kW = 1.014 metric hp; 1 metric hp = .0735 kW = 0.968 hp.
hrs: hours
HSI: Horizontal situation indicator
HQ:
Head Quarters
HUD:
Head-Up Display
HUDWAC:
Head-Up Display with weapons aiming computer
IAI:
Israel Aircraft Industries
IAS:
Indicated airspeed
ID: Infantry Division
IFF:
Identification friend/foe
IFR: In-Flight Refuelling
IFV:
Infantry fighting vehicle
ILS: Instrument landing system
incl:
including
Inf: Infantry
INS: Inertial Navigation System
IPV:
Inshore patrol vessel
IR: Infra-Red (heat seeking)
IRST:
Infra-Red Search and Track
ISR:
Intelligence Surveillance Reconnaissance
JDWN:
Jane's Defence Weekly News (magazine)
kg: kilogram (1 kg = 2.2 lbs)
kph, km/h: kilometers per hour
kT: Kiloton
KTAS: Knots True Air Speed
kN:
kilo Newton
knts; kts:
knots
kW: Kilowatt
LAB; LABde: Light Armor Battalion
LANTIRN: Low Altitude Navigation and Targeting Infra-Red, Night
LARSU:
Light Armor System Upgrade
LASTE:
Low Altitude Safety and Targeting Enhancement
LAV:
Light armored vehicle
lbs: pounds
LCD: Liquid Crystal Display
LCM:
Landing craft, mechanized
LCU: Landing craft, utility
LCVP/LCP: Landing craft, vehicle/personnel
Length between: expressed in various ways. a.) oa: overall = length between extremities; b.) pp: perpendiculars waterline = between fore side of the stem and after side of the rudderpost; c.) wl1 : = nm = between extremities on the water-line; d.) 1 ft = 12 "; 1 m = 3.28 ft; 1 km = 1000 m; 1.606 km
LERX: Leading-Edge Root Extensions
LF:
Low frequency
LGB: Laser Guided Bomb
LIFT:
Lead-in Fighter Trainer
LMG:
Light machine-gun, also called GPMG, General purpose machine-gun
LOA: Letter of Offer and Acceptance
LOAC:
Laws of Armed Conflict
LOC:
Lines of Communications
LRIP:
Low Rate Initial Production
LRMP:
Long range maritime patrol
LRMTS: Laser Marked Target Seeker
LSM:
Landing ship, medium
LSV: Logistics Support vehicle
LST: Landing Ship, Tank
m: meter (1 m = 3.28') = 1.093 yd)
m/min: meters per minute
Mach: speed of sound (Mach 1 = 1,088 ft/sec at 32
C S/L = 340 m/sec = 1,116 fps)
MAD: Magnetic anomaly detector - for A/S detection identifying a steel body in the Earth's magnetic field.
MAP: US Military Assistance Program
max: maximum
MB: Mercedes Benz; Muzzle boat (Navy); Manila Bulletin
MBB: Messerschimt Bolkov-Blohm
MBLT: Marine Battalion Landing Team
MBT: Main battle tank
MCMV: Mine counter measure vessel
MDF: Maritime Defense force
Measurement: see Tonnage
MEADS: Medium Extended Air Defense System
MF:
Medium frequency
MFCS: Missile Fire control system
MFD: Multi Function Display
MG:
Machine-gun
mi: mile (1 mi = 1,760 yd = 5,230' = 1.609 km)
MiG: Military Intelligence Group
MILF: Moro Islamic Liberation Front
min:
minutes
MLU: Mid-Life Update
mm:
millimeter
MMA: Multi-Mission Maritime Aircraft
MOU:
Memorandum of Understanding
MPA:
Maritime Patrol Aircraft
mph:
miles per hour
MLRS: Multiple Launch Rocket System
MNLF:
Moro National Liberation Front
MSC:
Coastal minesweeper
MSF: Minesweeper frigate
MSH: Mine hunter
MSSR: Marine Scout Sniper Rifle
MSTS:
Military Sea Transportation Service
MTOW:
Maximum Take-Off Weight
mW:
Megawatt
NAG: Naval Air Group
NAS: Navy Air Station
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NBC:
Nuclear, Biological, Chemical (warfare)
net: Net registered tonnage
NFWS: Night Fighting Weapons System
NGS:
Naval Gunfire Support
nm:
nautical mile (1 nm = 1.85 km)
NPA: New People’s Army
NTDS:
Naval Tactical Defense system
NVG: Night Vision Goggles
oa: Overall length
OCA: Offensive Counter Air
OPV:
Offshore Patrol Vessel
OTC: Officer in Tactical command
PA: Philippine Army
PADC: Philippine Aerospace Development Corporation
PAF: Philippine Airforce
PAFWSSU: Philippine Air Force Wide Service Support Unit
PALAD:
Philippine Army Light Armored Division (also LAD)
PCG: Philippine Coast Guard
PCE: Patrol Craft Escort
PCER: Patrol Craft Escort/Escort Rescue
PCF: Patrol Craft, fast
PDI: Philippine Daily Inquirer (local broadsheet)
PDMS: Point defense missile system
PF: DE (radar picket)
PG/AU: Patrol gunboat
Php: Philippine peso
PKM: Patrol Killer, medium
PMC: Philippine Marine Corps
PN: Philippine Navy
PNAG Philippine Navy Air Group
PNP:
Philippine National Police
PS: Patrol ship; Philippine Star (local broadsheet)
PSG: Presidential Security Group
psi: Pounds per square inch
PUFFS: Passive underwater fire control system
PWS: Pressurized water reactor
QRA: Quick Reaction Alert
RAF:
Royal Air Force
RAM:
Radar absorbent material
RAS: Replenishment at sea
RBU: A/S rocket launcher
RCS: Radar Cross Section
Recce:
reconnaissance
RHIB: Rigid-hull inflatable boat
Ro-flow: A ship able to embark smaller craft in a dock
Ro-ro: Roll on/roll off
ROE: Rules of Engagement
ROV:
Remotely operated vehicle
rpm: revolutions per minute (engines, propellers, radar, aerials etc); rounds per minute (guns)
RPV: Remotely Piloted Vehicle
RR/rr:
Roll Royce; recoilless rifle
RUC: Riverine utility craft
RWR: Radar Warning Receiver
s:
seconds (also sec)
S/L: Sea level
SAF: Special Action Force
SAM: Surface-to-Air Missile
SAR: Search and Rescue
SARH: Semi Active Radar Homing
SATCOM:
Satellite Communications
SES: Surface effect ship
SHF: Super High frequency
SIGINT: Signal Intelligence
SINS: Ship's inertial navigation system
SLCM: Submarine launched cruise missile
SLEP: Service life extension Program
SND: Secretary of National Defense
SOF:
Special Operations Forces
SOT:
Special Operations Team
SPSG: Southern Philippines Secessionist Group
sqn:
Squadron
SRAM: Short-Range Attack Missile
SRBOC:
Super rapid blooming offboard chaff
SS: Attack submarine
SSAN: Auxiliary nuclear-powered submarine
SSBN: Nuclear-powered ballistic submarine
SSDE: Submerged signal and decoy ejector
SSG: Guided missile submarine
SSGN: Nuclear-powered guided missile submarine
SSM: Surface to Surface Missile
SSN: Nuclear-powered attack submarine
STIR: Surveillance Target indicator radar
STOL: Short take off/landing
STOVL: Short Take-Off and Vertical Landing
Subroc/Asroc:
Rocket assisted torpedo part of whose range is in the air
SWATS: Small underwater tactical submarine
SURTASS: Surface towed array surveillance system
SUWN-1: Surface-to-underwater missile launcher
SWATH: Small waterplane area twin hull
SY: Shipyard
T: metric ton (1 T = 1,000 kg)
T/O, T-O: take-off
TACAN: Tactical air navigation
TACTASS: Tactical towed array acoustic sensor system
TAS: Target acquisition system
TASS: Towed array surveillance system
TFR: Terrain Following Radar
TK:
Supply ship
TOC: Tactical Operations Command
Tonnage:
Measurement tons, computed on capacity of a ship's hull rather than it's displacement. a.) Gross: the internal volume of all spaces within the hull and all permanent enclosed spaces above decks that are available for cargo, stores and accommodation. The result in cubic feet divided by 100 = gross tonnage; b.) Net: gross minus all those spaces for machinery, accommodation etc (non-earning spaces); c.) Deadweight: the amount of cargo, bunkers, stores etc that a ship can carry at her load draft.
TTT: Tactical Troop Transport
TOW:
Tube-launched optically tracked, wire-guided (anti-tank missile)
TP/AT: Presidential yatch
Trng: Training
Transp: Transport
TVC: Thrust Vector Control
UAV:
Unmanned aerial vehicle
UCAV: Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle
UHF:
Ultra high frequency
UK: United Kingdom
UN:
United Nations
US:
United States (also USA)
USAF:
United States Air Force
USN:
United States Navy
USCG: United States Coast Guard
USMC: United States Marine Corps
VDS:
Variable depth sonar, which is lowered to best listening depth. Known as dunking sonar in helicopters.
Vertrep: Vertical replenishment
VLF: Very low frequency
VLS: Vertical launch system
VOR: VHF omni-directional radio range
VSTOL:
Vertical or short take-off/landing
VTOL: Vertical take-off/landing
WIG: Wire-in-ground effect
wl: waterline length
WMD: Weapons of Mass Destruction
wp:
white phosphorous
WSO: Weapons Station Officer; Weapons Systems Operator
WVR:
Within Visual Range
yd:
yard (1 yd = 3')
YD: Large floating dry-dock

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