Philippine Army (Hukbong Katihan ng Pilipinas)
Personnel Strength: 83,000 regular personnel
Headquarters: Fort Andres Bonifacio, Taguig City
To organize, train, equip and provide forces for the conduct of prompt and sustained security operations independently or jointly with other armed forces units and to uphold the sovereignty and integrity of the Republic, and contribute to national development.
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1. Organize, train and equip forces for the conduct of prompt and sustained combat operations on land.
2. Develop, maintain and employ support of national development program.
3. Prepare such units as may be necessary for the effective prosecution of the national defense plans and programs.
4. Develop, in coordination with the other major services, and government agencies, tactics, techniques and equipment, of interest to the Army, for operations.
5. Organize, train and equip all Army reserve units and provide a professional cadre for the expansion of the peacetime Army component to meet any emergency.
6. Perform such other functions as may be provided by law or assigned by higher authorities.
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A professional, capable and responsive army that is a source of national pride.
It is a professional, compact ground force of regulars complemented by a strong mobilizable reserves. Personnel are competent, of noble character and committed to the accomplishment of their tasks. The army is a showcase of outstanding leadership and effective management. It is a capable army, ready to protect and fight for the people and state. The individual soldier is given the best training, weaponry and equipment. Their families are adequately provided for and assured of a secure, healthy and decent life.
The army is responsive to the changing needs and aspirations of the Filipino people. In war, it fights to win. In peacetime, it assists in nation building. During crisis, disasters and natural calamities, it is a reliable source of prompt assistance. Professional, capable and responsive, the Philippine Army is a source of national pride- trusted by the Filipino people, respected by its allies and feared by the forces that seek to undermine national interests. It is an organization strongly guided by the soldiery values of Discipline, Courage, Honor, Competence, Solidarity and Loyalty. Above all, it derives strength and inspiration from the Almighty God.
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The Philippine Army is administered through the Department of National Defense (DND). Under the AFP structure, the Chief of Staff, AFP (CSAFP), a four-star general, is the most senior military officer. The senior Army officer is the Commanding General, PA (CG, PA), usually with a rank of Brigadier General. He or she, along with his or her Air Force and Navy counterparts, is junior only to the CSAFP. The CG, PA is solely responsible for the administration and operational status of the Army.
Commanding General, PA
Vice Commander, PA
Chief of Staff, PA
Army Inspector General (AIG)
Coordinating Staff (Assistant Chiefs of Staff)
Operations, Civil Military Operations, Training and Education (G3)
Plans and Programs (G5)
Reservist and Retirees Affairs (G6)
Communication-Electronics and Information Systems (G7)
Special and Technical Staff
Army Chief Surgeon (AC Surg)
Army Dental Surgeon (ADS)
Army Chief Nurse (ACN)
Army Adjutant General (AAG)
Army Judge Advocate General (AJAG)
Army Provost Marshal (APM)
Army Chief of Engineers (ACE)
Army Chief Ordnance and Chemical Service (ACOCS)
Army Chief Artillery (ACA)
Army Chief Infantry
Army Chief Quartermaster (ACQM)
Army Chief Chaplain (ACCS)
Army Modernization Program Management Office (AMPMO)
Army Internal Auditor
Army Military Personnel Office
The Army is organized into ten territorial Light Infantry Divisions, a Light Armored Division, a Scout Ranger Regiment, a Special Operations Command with various special forces units, five Engineering Battalions, one Artillery Regiment at Headquarters, the Presidential Security Group, and Light-Reaction Battallion.
1st Infantry Division (Tabak), Camp Maj. Cesar L. Sang-an, Pulacan, Labangan, Pagadian City, Zamboanga del Sur
2nd Infantry Division (Jungle Fighter), Camp Gen. Mateo Capinpin, Tanay, Rizal
3rd Infantry Division (Spearhead), Camp Gen. Macario G. Peralta Jr., Jamindan, Capiz
4th Infantry Division (Diamond), Camp Edilberto Evangelista, Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental
5th Infantry Division, Camp Upi, Echague, Gamu, Isabela
6th Infantry Division (Kampilan), Camp BGen Gonzalo H. Siongco, Sitio Awang, Datu Odin Sinsuat, Dinaig, Tacurong City, Maguindanao
7th Infantry Division (Diamond), Fort Ramon Magsaysay, Palayan City, Laur, Nueva Ecija
8th Infantry Division, Camp Vicente Lukban, Brgy. Maulong, Catbalogan, Western Samar
9th Infantry Division, (activated in 2006)Camp Canuto, Sagurong, Pili, Camarines Sur
10th Infantry Division (Agila, activated in 2006), Camp Panacan, Davao City
Light Armor Division (LAD), Camp O'Donnell, Capas, Tarlac
Special Operations Command (SOCOM), Fort Ramon Magsaysay, Palayan City, Laur, Nueva Ecija
Special Combat Units
1st Scout Ranger Regiment (FSRR, SOCOM), Fort Ramon Magsaysay, Palayan City, Laur, Nueva Ecija
Special Forces Regiment - Airborne (SFR, SOCOM), Fort Ramon Magsaysay, Palayan City, Laur, Nueva Ecija
Light Reaction Battalion (LRB, SOCOM), Fort Ramon Magsaysay, Palayan City, Laur, Nueva Ecija
Army Aviation Battalion, Light Armor Brigade (LABde)
Division Artillery Regiments
Combat Support Units
51st Engineering Brigade, Camp Gen. Rigoberto Atienza, Libis, Quezon City, Metro Manila
52nd Engineering Brigade, Camp Natividad, Manolo Fortich, Malaybalay, Bukidnon
53rd Engineering Brigade, Cebu City, Cebu
54th Engineering Brigade, Camp Pito Abat, Manaoag, Pangasinan
55th Engineering Brigade, San Gabriel, Davao City, Davao del Sur
525th Engineering Construction Battalion (S), Fort Bonifacio, Taguig City
Intelligence and Security Group, Fort Bonifacio, Makati, Taguig City
Civil-Military Operations Group
Service Support Units
Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC), Camp O'Donnell, Capas, Tarlac
Army Support Command (ASCOM), Camp O'Donnell, Capas, Tarlac
Finance Center (FIN CTR)
Army Management Information Center (AMIC)
Army Reserve Command (ARESCOM), Camp Riego de Dios, Paradahan, Tanza, Cavite
Dental Service Center
Army Research and Development Center (ARDC)
Army Resource Management Center
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The battle of Mactan on April 21, 1521 marked the first organized resistance of the Filipinos against foreign invaders. Lapu-Lapu, chieftain of Mactan, defeated a Spanish colonizer Ferdinand Magellan. As subject of Spanish rule, the Filipinos clamored for reforms. Andres Bonifacio later founded the Katipunan to prepare for armed revolution. The Katipunan formed the nucleus of the Revolutionary Army, the forerunner of the present-day Philippine Army. Following the outbreak of hostilities between the Filipino Revolutionary Forces and the Spanish troops, the Philippine Revolutionary Government and its Army was established on March 22, 1897 at Barrio Tejeros, San Francisco de Malabon, Cavite with Gen. Artemio Ricarte elected as Captain General. This date has been considered as the founding day of the Philippine Army. Two years after the Cry at Pugadlawin, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo declared Philippine Independence on June 12, 1898. The Filipino troops were to enjoy only a brief respite. The signing of the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1889 ceded the Philippines to the United States. Due to the superiority of American arms and ammunitions, the Filipinos fell back from one position to another. With the establishment of the Philippine Commonwealth on November 15, 1935, President Quezon sought the services of Gen. Douglas MacArthur to evolve a national defense plan. Accordingly, Commonwealth Act number 1, popularly known as the National Defense Act was enacted into law. Executive Order number 11 provided the legal basis for the organization of an army of the Philippines. It had an annual appropriation of P16-M. Over at Fort McKinley 760 Philippine Scouts underwent rigorous training to become officers of the Philippine Army. Moreover, US Army officers were asked to check on the supplies and equipment requisitioned by our government. Other army equipment were likewise given to our army. The army was tasked to protect the state against external attack, promote internal security and to maintain peace and order.
When World War II broke out in 1941, two regular and ten reserve divisions of the Philippine Army undertook the defense of the Philippines. These divisions were incorporated into the United States Armed Forces in the Far East (USAFFE) under the command of General MacArthur. After the war, four military areas were activated to take the place of military districts. The Armed Forces was reorganized which gave birth to the four major services of the Armed Forces. Headquarters National Defense Forces was renamed General Headquarters Armed Forces of the Philippines. In the early fifties and the mid-sixties, the Philippine government extended a helping hand to war-torn countries. The army spared five battalions which comprised the Philippine Expeditionary Forces to Korea (PEFTOK) to fulfill an international commitment at the same time to uphold the struggle for democracy. The Philippine Civic Action Group (PhilCAGV) was sent to South Vietnam on a mission at peace providing technical and rendering medical services.
On July 10, 1957, a separate headquarters for the Philippine Army was established with Brig. Gen. Leoncio Tan as the Commanding General. At the onset of the sixties, the role of the army was expanded to include participation in the socio-economic programs of the country. To achieve greater flexibility and effectiveness, infantry divisions took the place of the military areas in the seventies. On September 21, 1972, Martial Law was declared. During the decade, military operations supported by civic action blocked the escalation of insurgency. The onset of the eighties saw the birth of the Special Operations Team (SOT) strategy which is aimed to isolate the insurgents from the civilian population, and dismantle the political organizations set by the communism neutralizing and denying them control of barangays all over the country. Aside from counter-insurgency campaigns, the SOT plays an additional role in national development. Together with local government officials, SOT identifies problems and helps provide assistance in areas that lack needed vital facilities and service like roads, bridges, schools, health and sanitation, livelihood, etc. Because of its effectivity, this strategy is being adopted not only by the Army but by the entire Armed Forces of the Philippines.
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The Philippine Army Modernization Program (PAMP), consistent with that of the AFPMP, is a fifteen-year planning document and part of the whole AFP Modernization Plan. It has identified three five-year planning phases, which contain the list of projects to be implemented, its priorities and schedule as well as the financial requirement. This envisions for the Army to develop the following capabilities: Rapid Deployment; Command, Control & Communication; Artillery; Armor; Base Support Facilities; Reserve Force Mobilization; Army Aviation; Combat & Civil Engineering; Anti Armor; Air Defense and Mobilization Stock Pre-positioning.
- Acquisition of 402 M-249 Squad automatic weapons (SAW), with the first phase being won by FN Herstal of Belgium for a contract price of Php 117.432 million, delivery date March 2003. Joint PA and PMC project.
- The PA undertook upgrades on twelve M-101 artillery pieces with GIAT modernization kits.
- ARV unit acquisition from FNSS Turkey on January 2004, Php 55 million contract price.
- Acquired Field Tactical Communication equipment, with the first phase being won by Harris Corp. of the USA, Php 427.43 million contract price, delivery date May 2004. Joint PA and PMC project.
- The Army is also developing an Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (TUAV) together with experts from Mapua for aerial reconnaissance.
- Acquired 1,948 units (plus 8 free units) of VHF/FM 2W handheld transceivers (Squad Communications phase I) and 246 units RF-5800H manpack transceivers with Citadel encryption HF/SSB 20W (High Frequency Single Side band) manpack transceivers (Field Tactical Communication equipment phase II ) were delivered by Harris Corp. on 26 May, and 1 June 2005 respectively. Contract price was at Php 391.747 million and Php 338.5 million respectively. Joint PA (1,853 hand-held; 234 manpack) and PMC (103 hand-held; 15 manpack) project.
- Acquired Force Protection equipments (FPE) consisting of ballistic helmets and vest (with Hard Armor Plate), delivered 3,936 helmets 200 vests on October and the rest by December 2005 by contractor Atlanta Industry and Oriental Industries of Korea for Php 129.6 million. Joint PA (3,100 sets helmet and vest) and PMC (5,000 helmets) project.
- Gage-Cadillac Textron undertook the Light Armor System Upgrade (LARSU) in 2004-2006, which involved the mobility upgrade of 12 units of V-150 APCs by refitting the power train with 6-cylinder in-line diesel engines, for Php 170.88 million.
- On September 2007, the Night Fighting System , phase I (combined NVG and Night Vision Weapons scope project) was completed by Night Vision Systems Inc. (NIVISys) of USA delivering 1,140 units Infrared aiming device and 181 units Laser Zeroing device, for Php 55.376 million.
- Acquired 100 units (out of 651 total) KIA M-450 1 ¼ ton troop carriers from Hyundai Corp. and KIA Motors of South Korea for Php 1,421.855 million on December 2007).
- Acquired 700 units (out of 6,540 total for both PA and PAF) K-3 5.56 mm Squad automatic weapons, with the second phase won by Hanwah Corp. and S&T Daewoo of South Korea, batch delivered on December 2007.
- Acquired 20 units Assault watercraft from Filipinas Fabricators Sales Inc. and Colorado SY for Php 65.05 million on July 2008. To be used to enhance the capability of the PA to conduct riverine and coastal operation.
- Acquired 3,750 GPS Map 60 GPS units from Garmin Corp. of Taiwan, Php 99.484 million contract price.
- Acquired 1,550 Hahn Commando 7x40 WR binocular units from Willi Hahn Enterprises of Cebu for Php 23.42 million. Units are waterproof, Shockproof and fogproof, with military gradient Independent Range Finder Reticle, both for use by the PA and PMC.
- Acquired 28 units SRS-5 Lightweight Explosive Protection suit acquired from Med-Eng Systems Inc. of Canada for Php 4.67 million.
- On December 2009, FNSS Savunma Sisternleri A.S. delivered 6 units upgraded M113 (ACV-300) complete with two years of spares for Php 139.14 million. They also donated 6 units Mine armor kit assembly and 6 units complete powerpacks amounting to Php 11 million, all formally received on January 2010.
- November 2010, the PA has acquired, 137 units of M-450 1 ¼ ton Troop Carriers from Hyundai Corp. and KIA Motors South Korea. The project is a negotiated procurement through the IA-PDM of the 1994 Memorandum of Understanding between the Republic of the Philippines and Republic of Korea and in consonance with Section 4 of Republic Act No. 9184.
- December 2010, the AFP has received a total of 20 units (out of the 250 total for both PA and PAF) M-250 2 ½ ton Troop Carriers with the second batch of 115 units are scheduled to arrive January 2011, the third batch of 115 units on February 2011. Total project approved budget Php 837.67 million.
- Acquired 21 new airboats from Australia under the Joint Philippines-Australia Army Watercraft (JPAAW) Project. The airboats and their ancillary support and maintenance equipment (each consisting of an airboat and trailer, together with basic operator training and two-year in-service support) arrived at Polloc Port, Parang, Maguindanao on 11 September 2010. They will be used to support the AFPs conduct of counter terrorism and humanitarian operations in the Liguasan Marshes.
- Project Condor, locally made PA SF assault watercrafts were acquired in three batches. First batch on November 2010, One 55 foot, 250 hp mothership and twelve 23 foot, 115 hp scout boats. Condor 2 on March 2011, 3 motherships and 13 scout boats. Condor 3 on May 2011, 3 motherships and 10 scout boats.
- Acquired a unit of GKN Sankey FV.432 APC through a Deed of Donation by the United Auctioneers, Inc. on 17 May 2011, and will be commissioned as a 81 mm mortar carrier, to reinforce the current M113 fleet.
- Succesful configuration and integration the Harris Radio Circuit (RF5800V) to the LAD's armored vehicle intercom System for effective & efficient command and control under the Modified Armored Vehicle Communication System and will be replicated to all command vehicles.
- Acquired 23 HMMWV ambulance variant (including spares and technical assistance) on 14 November 2011, are part of the $10.3 million worth of medical equipment and supplies procurement project under FMS Case PI-MTB of the Philippine Defense Reform Program. The PA will receive 19 units while the PMC will receive 4 units.
- Php 300.78 million contract signed on 20 Dec 2012 for the delivery of 60 units of 1 ¼-ton field ambulance and 5-ton trucks by KIA Motors Corp of South Korea.
12 FV.101 Scorpion
40 AIFV (speculative)
66 M-113A1/A2 (1997, speculative)
7 ACV-300 (6 upgraded M113s + 1 ARV)
150 FS.100 Simba (speculative)
79 V-150/ V-150S, including 12 LARSU-upgraded V-150; V-100s and 20 Chaimite (speculative)
150 M-10 (speculative), including 12 upgraded M-101s
24 M-102 (speculative)
KIA M-250 trucks
Toyota Lite Ace
CMC Cruiser jeeps
Delta Motors Mini-cruiser Jeeps
1 Cessna 172 'Skyhawk'
20 Assault watercraft
?? Riverine Utiliy craft
?? Project Condor
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Last modified on 11/15/11
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