Philippine National Police (Pambansang Pulisya ng Pilipinas)
Personnel Strength: personnel
Headquarters: Camp Rafael Crame, Quezon City
To enforce the law, to prevent and control crimes, to maintain peace and order, and to ensure public safety and internal security with the active support of the community.
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1. Enforce all laws and ordinance relative to the protection of lives and properties;
2. Maintain peace and order and take all necessary steps to ensure public safety;
3. Investigate and prevent crimes, effect the arrest of criminal offenders, bring offenders to justice and assist in their prosecution;
4. Exercise the general powers to make arrest, search and seizure in accordance with the Constitution and pertinent laws;
5. Detain an arrested person for a period not beyond what is prescribed by law, informing the person so detained of all his rights under the Constitution;
6. Issue licenses for the possession of firearms and explosives in accordance with law;
7. Supervise and control the training and operations of security agencies and issue licenses to operate security agencies, and to security guards and private detectives for the practice of their professions; and
8. Perform such other duties and exercise all other functions as may be provided by law.
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Pursuant to Section 35, of RA No. 6975, the Chief of the PNP shall be supported by the following administrative and operational units with each unit headed by a Director with the rank of Chief Superintendent.
Administrative Support Units
Crime Laboratory. There shall be established a central Crime Laboratory to be headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, which shall provide scientific and technical investigative aid and support to the PNP and other government investigate agencies. It shall also provide crime laboratory examination, evaluation and identification of physical evidences involved in crimes with primary emphasis on their medical, chemical, biological and physical nature.There shall likewise be established regional and city crime laboratories as may be necessary in all regions and cities of the country.
Logistic Unit. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Logistics unit shall be responsible for the procurement, distribution and management of all the logistical requirements of the PNP including firearms and ammunition.
Communications Unit. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Communications Unit shall be responsible for establishing as effective police communications network.
Computer Center. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Computer Center shall be responsible for the design, implementation and maintenance of a database system for the PNP.
Finance Center. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Finance Center shall be responsible for providing finance services to the PNP.
Civil Security Unit. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Civil Security Unit shall provide administrative services and general supervision over the organization, business operation and activities of all organized private detectives, watchmen, security guard agencies and company guard forces. The unit shall likewise supervise the licensing and registration of firearms and explosives. The approval of applications for licenses to operate private security agencies, as well as the issuance of licenses to security guards and the licensing of firearms and explosives, shall be decentralized to the PNP regional offices.
Operational Support Units
Maritime Police Unit. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Maritime Police Unit shall perform all police functions over the Philippine territorial waters and rivers.
Police Intelligence Unit. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Police Intelligence Unit shall serve as the intelligence and counterintelligence operating unit of the PNP.
Police Security Unit. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Police Security Unit shall provide security for government officials, visiting dignitaries and private individuals authorized to be given protection.
Criminal Investigation Unit. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Criminal Investigation Unit shall undertake the monitoring, investigation and prosecution of all crimes involving economic sabotage, and other crimes of such magnitude and extent as to indicate their commission by highly placed or professional criminal syndicates and organizations. This unit shall likewise investigate all major cases involving violations of Revised Penal Code and operate against organized crime groups, unless the President assigns the case exclusively to the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI).
Special Action Forces. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Special Action Forces shall function as a mobile strike force or reaction unit to augment regional, provincial, municipal and city police forces for civil disturbance control, counterinsurgency, hostage-taking rescue operations, and other special operations.
Narcotics Unit. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Narcotics Unit shall enforce all laws relative to the protection of the citizenry against dangerous and other prohibited drugs and substances.
Aviation Security Unit. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Aviation Security Unit, in coordination with airport authorities, shall secure al the countrys airports against offensive and terroristic acts that threaten civil aviation, exercise operational control and supervision over all agencies involved in airport security operation, and enforce all laws and regulations relative to air travel protection and safety.
Traffic Management Unit. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Traffic Management Unit shall enforce traffic laws and regulations.
Medical and Dental Centers. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Medical and Dental Centers shall be responsible for providing medical and dental services for the PNP.
Civil Relations Unit. Headed by a Director with the rank of chief superintendent, the Civil Relations Unit shall implement plans and programs that will promote community and citizens participation in the maintenance of peace and order and public safety.
Classification of the Powers and Functions of the PNP
1. Statutory Power of the Police, such as:
To enforce the laws and ordinances relative to the protection of lives and properties;
To maintain peace and order and take all the necessary steps to ensure public safety;
To investigate and prevent crime , effect the arrest of criminal offenders, bring offenders to justice and assist in their prosecution;
To detain an arrested person for a period not beyond what is prescribed by law, informing the person so detained of all his rights under the constitution;
To exercise the general powers to make arrest, search and seizure and pertinent laws.
2. Licensing, Supervisory and Control, and Training, such as:
To issue licenses for the possession of firearms and explosives in accordance with law; and
Supervise and control the training and operations of security agencies and issue license to operate security agencies, and to security guards and private detectives for the practice of their profession;
To train students taking up their baccalaureate, vocational or technical courses in undergoing Law Enforcement Service Program in compliance of the National Service Law.
3. Deputized Statutory Power of the Police, that is, to perform such other duties and exercise all other functions as maybe provided by law:
To enforce election laws during the conduct of election;
To enforce laws involving agriculture, environment and natural resources;
To enforce laws involving land transportation;
Many other laws under the jurisdiction of various departments and/or offices of the government where the PNP will be deputized under the principle of intra-coordination between and among offices/departments of the governments.
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Law enforcement is vital in the stability and progress of all nations. Thus, the conception of a unified national police was borne out of this premise.
Giving rise to the unification of the Philippine Constabulary and the Integrated National Police whose functions is symmetrical to ensure the safety and security of the people. Republic Act 6975 was signed into law on December 13, 1990 by then President Corazon Aquino which called for the creation of the Philippine National Police (PNP) and the reorganization of the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) in keeping with the mandate of our constitution for a police force that is national in scope and civilian in character.
In response to the call for public safety and reforms within the organization, Honorables Teodulo Natividad, Blas Ople, Regalado Maambong and Rustico delos Reyes authored the provisions in the 1987 constitution calling for the creation of a police organization that is national scope and civilian character thus paving way to the establishment of the Philippine National Police (PNP).
The principal authors of the Republic Act 6975 entitled An Act Establishing the Philippine National Police under a reorganized Department of the Interior and Local Government and Other Purposes were Senators Ernesto Maceda and Aquilino Pimentel Sr, Congressmen Jose Cojuangco Jr and Rodrigo Gutang. They moved for the PNP's creation to professionalize the police force and make it susceptible to the plight of the general public.
PNP Constitutional Basis
Section 4, Article 2 of the 1987 Constitution provides that, "... it is the policy of the State to promote peace and order, ensure public safety and further strengthen local government capability aimed towards the effective delivery of basic services for the citizenry through the establishment of a highly and competent police force that is national in scope and civilian in character".
Section 23, Chapter III, of Republic Act No. 6975, "An Act Establishing the Philippine National Police Under a Reorganized Department of the Interior and Local Government", or otherwise known as, "The PNP Law".
Upon the effectivity of the law, after its signing into law on 13 December 1990, the PNP underwent a transitory period and on 31 March 1991, President Corazon Aquino named Gen. Cesar Nazareno as the First Director General of the Philippine National Police.
On 29 January 1991, at Camp Crame, Quezon City, the Philippine Constabulary and the Integrated National Police were retired and the PNP was activated in its place. The occasion drew mixed reactions among its peers, one of regret and another of hope that this newly established police organization will finally be the answer we have been looking for. President Corazon Aquino appealed to the Filipino people to keep an open mind and cooperate to make this work for a better nation. As she addressed the new PNP leadership, she ordered them to view the event as an opportunity for better service and a chance for professional growth.
The activation of the PNP did not effect the organizational set-up and staffing pattern of the force. At the HPNP, the Director General has ten (10) Directorial Staff namely: 1. Directorate for Personnel 2. Directorate for Human Resource and Doctrine Development 3. Directorate for Logistics, 4.Directorate for Research and Development 5. Directorate for Comptrollership, 6. Directorate for Plans, 7. Directorate for Police-Community Relations, 9. Directorate for Investigation and 10. Special Staff under him. In addition, there exist administrative support units, namely: Logistics Support Service (LSS), Computer Service, Finance Service, Dental and Medical Service, Communication and Electronic Service, Chaplain Service, Legal Service and Headquarters Support Service; and the Operational Support Units, namely: Maritime Group, Crime Laboratory, Intelligence Group, Police Security Group, Criminal Investigation Group, Narcotics Group, Special Action Force, Traffic Management Group, Police-Community Relations Group, Aviation Security Group and Civil Security Group. At the different regions, the 15 Regional Office were maintained and retained their original structural forces. The fifteen(15) REGIONAL OFFICES and their locations are as follows: REGIONAL OFFICE I - Camp Gen Oscar Florendo, Parian San Fernando, La Union; REGIONAL OFFICE 2 - Camp Adduru, Tuguegarao, Cagayan; REGIONAL OFFICE 3 - Camp Olivas, San Fernando, Pampanga; REGIONAL OFFICE 4 - Camp Vicente Lim Canlubang, Laguna; REGIONAL OFFICE 5 - Camp Simeon A Ola, Legazpi City; REGIONAL OFFICE 6 - Camp Martin Delgado, Iloilo City; REGIONAL OFFICE 7 - Camp Sergio Osmena Sr., Cebu City; REGIONAL OFFICE 8 - Camp Ruperto K Kangleon, Palo, Leyte; REGIONAL OFFICE 9 - Camp Justice R.. T. Lim Blvd, Zamboanga City; REGIONAL OFFICE 10 - Camp Alagar, Cagayan de Oro City; REGIONAL OFFICE 11 - Camp Catitipan, Maguindanao, REGIONAL OFFICE 12 - Camp Parang, Maguindanao; ARMM - Camp Salipada Pendatun, Parang, Maguindanao; PROCAR OFFICE - Camp Bado Dangwa, La Trinidad, Benguet; and the NCR- Camp General Tomas Karingal, Sikatuna Village, Quezon City.
The National Capital Region which covers Metro Manila is divided into five (5) Districts each headed by a District Director: The five (5) Districts are as follows Western Police District (WPD)- Manila; Eastern Police District (EPD); Northern Police District (NPD); Central Police District (CPD); Quezon City; and Southern Police District (SPD).
On August 1992, due to the adverse publicities about erring policemen in the service, the newly elected President Fidel Ramos sought measures to restore the people's faith by revamping the PNP. To prove his sincerity in cleansing the police force, Gen. Nazareno was relieved and transferred to the President's office. To replace him in acting capacity was Deputy Director Gen. Raul Imperial. This was on 28 August 1992.
Deputy Director Gen. Raul lmperial together with Secretary Rafael Alunan III of the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) was given the difficult task to dialogue with the private sector and its personnel in line with improving the image of the men in uniform.
To complement these dialogues, the present leadership of the PNP suggested the reorientation of its men on value formation. Seminars were conducted to this effect. To make the reorientation more effective, the PNP vision was created which goes, "We are committed to the vision of professional, dynamic and highly motivated PNP, supported by a responsive community, regarded as one of the most credible national institutions and ranked among the best in Asia". With this vision, Deputy Director Gen. Raul Imperial challenged all PNP personnel to bring this vision into a reality.
On 28 October 1992, after the retirement of Gen. Cesar Nazareno, Gen. Raul Imperial became the second PNP Chief. This thought was short lived because he retired on 06 May 1993.
After a thorough revamp in the PNP, President Fidel Ramos appointed Gen. Umberto Rodriguez as the third PNP Chief on 06 May 1993. He was given the arduous task of upgrading the tainted image of the PNP and uplifting the morale and welfare of every police officer in the service. Gifted with talent, Director Gen. Umberto Rodriguez masterly guided the organization to what is has become today; all organization fully committed with sense of dignity, loyalty and total dedication ill serving the citizenry of the Republic. He retired on 08 July 1994.
On 08 July 1994, a very young officer was chosen by President Fidel Ramos to lead the PNP. A member of class '66 of the Philippine Military Academy (PMA), Director Gen. Recaredo Arevalo Sarmiento II vowed to continue what his past predecessors have initiated and urged the members of the PNP to help the government to fulfill its goal towards the Philippine 2000.
Under Director Gen. Sarmiento's stewardship, the organization, as it is done centered its attention in helping the country to move forward economically by maintaining peace and order, assisting the government in times of calamities and combating violence and lawlessness. He imbibed to the minds of the entire PNP personnel of their commitment to the entire populace through the POLICE 2000. It may not be a perfect organization but it is forever cleansing its ranks-to rid of the very few misfits who have tarnished its image. The PNP is currently intensifying its operations on "OPLAN PAGLALANSAG" in answer to the President's call to dismantle all existing private armed groups throughout the archipelago and "OPLAN PAGBABAGO" as the organization's way of religiously cleansing its force of misguided elements. Indeed, our police force have a great task ahead of them but with the people behind it, how can it fail.
With the affectivity of Republic Act No. 8551, "An Act Providing for the Reform and Reorganization of the Philippine National Police and for other Purposes, amending Certain Provisions of RA No. 6975", otherwise known as the Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998, the PNP was envisioned to be a community and service oriented Agency. As mandated by law, the PNP activated/created the Internal Affairs Service (IAS) on a national scope on 1 June 1999. It is an organization within the structure of the PNP and one of its tasks is to help the Chief, PNP institute reforms to improve the image of the police force through assessment, analysis and evaluation of the character and behavior of the PNP Personnel. It is headed by the Inspector General.
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The national government allocated Php 10 billion for the PNPs Capability Enhancement Program aimed to enhance police services on the ground through the construction and repair of police station buildings and other facilities as well as the acquisition of other logistical needs such as guns, communication and investigative equipment. The PNP commissioned 500 new vehicles on March 2008, consisting of 100 prowl cars, 255 police utility vehicles, and 145 motorcycles, which were purchased under the PNP's 2007 Procurement Program. It will boost its existing 8,000-strong fleet that is used "for preventive patrol and police visibility operations." On top of these, the PNP also commissioned three newly-refurbished V-150 armored tactical fighting vehicles.
Construction and Repair of Buildings and Facilities
On 2009, the PNP implemented 258 construction projects and repaired police stations facilities. Eighty three of these projects were already completed, 112 are on-going and 63 are still on the bidding process.
Procurement of Vehicle, and Firepower Equipment
As part of the continuing effort to upgrade the Move, Shoot and Communicate Capabilities of the PNP and its Modernization Plan and Capability Enhancement Plan (CEP), 3 units of Light Operational Helicopter and 1,045 vehicles were procured for distribution to the different PROs and NSUs. Meanwhile, 11,249 units of assorted firepower equipment with sufficient number of ammunitions, 2,144 units of communications equipment, and 1,061 units of intelligence and investigation equipment are still on the bidding process.
Information Technology Equipment
A total of 14 lots of Information Technology equipment were procured for the Directorates and other Special PNP Units, one lot of Integrated Ballistics Identification System for Crime Lab and 498 units of anti-terrorism equipment are still on bid.
Systems Upgrading and Improvement
Logistics Information Management System (LIMS)
A total of 100 units of computer sets were distributed to all PPOs nationwide for the implementation of Logistics Information Management System (LIMS), a web-based information and electronics system to computerize and ensure accurate recording and accounting of PNPs logistical resources. The software for the LIMS was cascaded to all end-users, making it fully operational and accessible at all PPOs.
The Automated Fingerprint Information System (AFIS) improved the forensic capability of the PNP Crime Laboratory through the assistance provided by the Japanese Government through JICA. The AFIS has a 1 million tenprint card memory capacity and can search 40,500 prints per second. As of November 2009, a total of 550,579 records were encoded in 11,300 latent prints and 539,279 tenprint cards. Of the said figure, 199,528 are criminal records and 339,751 are non-criminal records.
Technological Innovations were employed to support police operations and reinforce the PNPs community safety and protection services. Among these innovations is the acquisition of the Geographical Information System (GIS) and connectivity of 9 CCTV cameras that significantly improved monitoring of events inside Camp Crame. There is also the NCRPOs State-of-the-Art Regional Tactical Operation and Intelligence Center (RTOIC) which is the first Operation Center of the PNP with the capability of a full-scale Command, Control and Communication Center that serves as the main monitoring and dispatch hub of all police operations in Metro Manila.
On March 2011, the PNP officially launched the Sky Police. Its primary mission is to conduct aerial anti-crime and surveillance patrols in Metro Manila and nearby regions in support of ground operations and is manned by members of the Air Unit of the PNP-SAF and under the direct control of the National Operations Center (NOC) of the PNP and the Regional Tactical Operations and Intelligence Center (RTOIC) of the National Capital Region Police Office (NCRPO). Three R-44 'Raven' helicopters acquired by the PNP under its 2008 Capability Enhancement Program, will be the workhorse of the Sky Police.
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28 V-150 APC (speculative)
1 MX-8 AEV
Toyota Lite Ace
CMC Cruiser jeeps
Delta Motors Mini-cruiser Jeeps
1 Eurocopter/Aerospatiale AS 350B 'Ecureuil' Light helicopter
3 Robinsons R-44 'Raven' Light helicopter
?? Small watercrafts
thanks to the PNP website for most of the info.
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Last modified on 11/07/11
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